These pages are now woefully outdated; I haven't updated the links in yonks. Still I resolved not to take the pages down, since there may still be some useful material in here. Just be prepared to be frustrated.

Literary Resources — Medieval

This page is part of the Literary Resources collection maintained by Jack Lynch of Rutgers – Newark. Comments and suggestions are welcome.

Medieval Literature

From Penn's list.
From the Labyrinth.
The best set of links.
CANTUS Database of Gregorian Chant
A searchable database of Gregorian chants.
DScriptorium (Jesse D. Hurlbut, BYU)
Digital images (medium-resolution) of several medieval manuscripts, mostly French, with transcriptions and links to related resources.
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University
High-resolution page images of more than 80 MSS at Oxford.
Exploring Ancient World Cultures: Medieval Europe (Univ. of Evansville)
Introduction to the Middle Ages in Europe, suitable for beginners.
Guide to Early Church Documents (Jim O'Donnell, Penn)
"This hypertext document contains pointers to Internet-accessible files relating to the early church, including canonical documents, creeds, the writings of the Apostolic Fathers and other historical texts relavant to church history."
Superb collection of primary texts on medieval culture.
Without exception the best site on the Web for Medieval studies. Impeccably scholarly and well organized. O si sic omnes!
Luminarium (Anniina Jokinen)
An attractive anthology of medieval and early modern texts. Very graphics-heavy.
Medieval Academic Discussion Groups (Edwin Duncan, Towson)
A thorough list of electronic discussion groups.
Medieval and Early Modern Data Bank (MEMDB) (Rutgers)
"Its aim is to provide scholars with an expanding library of information in electronic format on the medieval and early modern periods of European history, circa 800-1815 C.E." Contains information on historical prices and currency exchange.
Medieval Drama Links (Sydney Higgins)
About 200 usefully annotated links to about two hundred sites in Medieval European drama, including texts, bibliographies, articles, illustrations, and information on performance, costumes, music, and dance. Very extensive.
Medieval Irish Poetry (Maureen S. O'Brien)
Some poems in Early Modern Irish, with original translations.
Medieval Resources (Gerard NeCastro, Univ. of Maine at Machias)
A set of course pages, with helpful information. Highlights are the full text of several medieval English plays, a Chaucer chronology, links on medieval medicine, and notes on Dante.
A large collection of links on medieval culture.
Nominalism and Medieval Literature: A Bibliography (Richard J. Utz, Univ. of Northern Iowa)
An extensive and learned bibliography of secondary works.
The Online Medieval and Classical Library (Douglas B. Killings)
"A collection of some of the most important literary works of Classical and Medieval civilization." Dozens of medieval texts, most in translation.
An impressive, ambitious, and very scholarly collaborative collection of resources, mostly for students, including an in-progress encyclopedia, a collection of electronic texts, bibliographies, and annotated links. "The Online Resource Book for Medieval Studies (ORB) is a cooperative effort on the part of scholars across the internet to establish an online textbook source for medieval studies on the World-Wide Web." First-rate.
The Planets and Their Children (Marianne Hansen, Cornell)
Illustrated hypertext blockbook on medieval popular astrology.
Poetry from Beowulf to the Present: Forgotten Ground Regained (Paul Deane)
A collection of alliterative medieval poetry. Aimed at poets rather than scholars.
WWW Medieval Resources (Dan Mosser, Virginia Tech)
A good collection of links to other medieval sites, databases, and mailing lists.

Women Authors

Medieval Feminist Index: Scholarship on Women, Sexuality, and Gender (Haverford)
A searchable index which "covers journal articles, book reviews, and essays in books about women, sexuality, and gender during the Middle Ages." "MFI covers over 300 journals as well as many essay collections devoted in large part to topics dealing with women, sexuality, or gender. However, no year's worth of publications is completely indexed yet." Graphics-heavy.


Arthurian Legend Home Page (Alan Baragona, VMI)
A handy collection of links, bibliographies, and articles on Arthur.
Arthuriana (Bonnie Wheeler, SMU)
Information on the society and its publications.

Paleography and Manuscripts

See also Bibliography.
Commission of Paleography and Codicology of Medieval Manuscripts in Austria
Information on Austrian resources, with some links. In German.
Illuminated Manuscript Images from the Bodleian Library (Oxford)
A few dozen images; thumbnails lead to high-resolution scans.
Images from the Book of Kells (Wisconsin)
Some high-resolution scans.
Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts Web (Timothy W. Seid, Earlham)
Illustrated guide to paleography.
Manuscripts, Paleography, Codicology
A good set of links from The Labyrinth.

Centers, Programs, Institutions

AVISTA (Toronto)
The Association Villard de Honnecourt for the Interdisciplinary Study of Medieval Technology, Science and Art. Information on the Association.
Canterbury Centre for Medieval and Tudor Studies (Univ. of Kent)
Information on the Centre.
Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies (Univ. of Oklahoma)
Information on the Center.
Centre for Renaissance and Medieval Studies (Glasgow)
Information on the Centre.
Medieval Institute at Western Michigan University
Information on the Institute and its annual meeting in Kalamazoo.


Essays in Medieval Studies (Illinois Medieval Association)
Several volumes of the journal.
Exemplaria (R. Allen Shoaf and Judith P. Shoaf, Florida)
A refereed journal of theory in Medieval and Renaissance studies.
Medieval Forum (ed. George W. Tuma and Dinah Hazell)
On-line journal of medieval studies.

Old English

The Anglo-Saxon Version of the Story of Apollonius of Tyre, upon Which Is Founded the Play of Pericles: A Hypertext Edition (Cathy Ball, Georgetown)
An annotated hypertext edition, with translation of the 11th-c. Old English MS.
The Electronic Sermo Lupi ad Anglos (Melissa J. Bernstein, Rochester)
Annotated hypertext.
Hwæt! (Cathy Ball, Georgetown)
Learn Old English through reading.
Old English at UVA
Miscellaneous resources, many on UVa only, but some quirky things (audio files of spoken Old English, computer typefaces, &c.) not available elsewhere.
Old English Pages (Cathy Ball, Georgetown)
"An encyclopedic compendium of resources for the study of Old English and Anglo-Saxon England. Now part of ORB, the On-Line Reference Book for Medieval Studies."

Middle English

Anthology of Middle English Literature (1350-1485) (Anniina Jokinen, Luminarium)
Primary texts and essays on important medieval English authors, with links.
The Lollard Society Homepage
Information on the Society, with links and a bibliography.
The Middle English Collection (Virginia)
Large library of Middle English texts. Some publicly available, others restricted to Virginians.
The Middle English Compendium (Michigan)
Provides "easy access to and interconnectivity between three major Middle English electronic resources: an electronic version of the Middle English Dictionary, a HyperBibliography of Middle English prose and verse, based on the MED bibliographies, and an associated network of electronic resources." Free through January 1999, then available for a fee.
Middle Ground: The Mediaeval Literature Discussion Board
A collection of discussion boards for various aspects of medieval literature, including sections for Old English, Middle English, Old French, Latin, Old High German, and Old Norse.
Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English (Penn)
A tremendous corpus of heavily parsed Middle English texts.
TEAMS Middle English Texts (Rochester)
"The goal of the TEAMS Middle English text series is to make available to teachers and students texts which occupy an important place in the literary and cultural canon but which have not been readily available in student editions." Dozens of glossed texts in Middle English, each with a good introduction.
Wessex Parallel WebTexts (Bella Millett)
An impressive collection of Middle English poetry, with translations and commentary. Very useful as an introduction to some of the major works of the period.
York Corpus Christi Play Simulator — PSim 2.1 (Dennis G. Jerz, Seton Hill)
A novel use of technology to show the progress of the York play through the city. Still a little buggy. Requires Java.
The York Plays: A Modernization (Chester N. Scoville and Kimberly M. Yates, Toronto)
A rewriting of the medieval plays.

Continental Literature

Italian Literature

Duecento: Italian Poetry from the Origins to Dante (Italy)
"Il Duecento è un archivio che raccoglie testi della poesia italiana antica, del periodo che va dalle origini fino a Dante. Nel corso degli ultimi anni, ho raccolto un grande corpus testuale, probabilmente il più grande archivio del genere, e comunque l'unico disponibile in rete." In Italian.

French Literature

The Charrette Project
"A complex, scholarly, multi-media electronic archive containing a medieval manuscript tradition — that of Chrétien de Troyes's Le Chevalier de la Charrette (Lancelot, ca. 1180)."
Vincent of Beauvais/Vincentius Bellovacensis (Hans Voorbij, Utrecht, Netherlands)
"The Vincent of Beauvais page aims to be an aid for scholars who are not directly involved in research on Vincent of Beauvais and his works, but who come into contact with Vincent while pursuing other research projects." Bibliographies, lists of papers, electronic editions, a newsletter, and information on current research.

Norse Literature

A well-designed, scholarly, and searchable database of Latin-language literature from the Norse countries, with supporting material.

Authors and Works


Very extensive resource on Beowulf, with materials in several languages. Includes a full bilingual edition, an Old English glossary, original essays, and bibliographies. O si sic omnes!
Beowulf Resources (Georgetown)
A brief but usefully annotated list of resources for students.
The Electronic Beowulf (Kentucky)
"A full-color electronic facsimile of Cotton Vitellius A. xv. ... The archive already includes fiber-optic readings of hidden letters and ultraviolet readings of erased text in the early 11th-century manuscript; full electronic facsimiles of the indispensable 18th-century transcripts of the manuscript; and selections from important 19th-century collations, editions, and translations." Only samples are available on-line.
Resources for Studying Beowulf (Labyrinth)
A good collection of links to the major resources on the Web.


Impressive site on Boccaccio, with texts, contexts, bibliographies, maps, and a search engine. Text in English and Italian.


A Basic Chaucer Glossary (Edwin Duncan, Towson)
A rudimentary but useful glossary of common Chaucerian words.
The Canterbury Tales
Annotated with links from text to a rudimentary glossry. More commercial than scholarly.
Chaucer (Edwin Duncan, Towson)
A course page, which offers pointers to a number of good resources on Chaucer.
Chaucer: A Semi-Systematic, Serendipitous Bibliography (Baragona, VMI)
Several dozen items, arranged by topic, without annotation.
A thorough set of extensively annotated links to other Chaucer sites. A good place to start.
Very extensive guide to the Canterbury Tales, with annotated texts, translations, contexts, and links. O si sic omnes!
Very useful collection of information on Chaucer, including an annotated bibliography, commentary, biographies, images, and links. O si sic omnes!
Geoffrey Chaucer (Anniina Jokinen, Luminarium)
Quotations, a brief life, essays, and links.
The Geoffrey Chaucer Website (L. D. Benson and Margaret Kim, Harvard)
Designed as a course page, but useful to many others. Includes valuable contextual materials.
A Glossarial DataBase of Middle English (Larry Benson, Michigan)
Fully parsed Canterbury Tales.
Hanly's Chaucer Scriptorium (Michael Hanly, Washington State Univ.)
A course site, featuring helpful annotated bibliographies.
A Limited Canterbury Tales Bibliography (M. Hanly, WSU)
A few dozen items without annotation.
The New Chaucer Society (Rutgers)
Information on the Society and its publications, with links.
Online Chaucer Bibliography
A large on-line bibliography of Chaucer studies.


American Dante Bibliography (Richard Lansing, Brandeis)
Indispensable collection of annotated bibliographies of Dante scholarship.
Dante Alighieri on the Web (Carlo Alberto Furia)
A good collection of resources, including E-texts and hyperlinked biographies.
Dante Society (Princeton)
Information on the Society, with many links to other resources.
Otfried Lieberknecht's Homepage for Dante Studies
A useful, though perhaps too wide-ranging, set of links and discussions of print resources.
Renaissance Dante in Print (Chicago)
Illustrated exhibition of 15th- and 16th-c. impressions.
"A hypermedia environment for the study of the Inferno." Impressive experimental approach to the Commedia.

Julian of Norwich

Julian of Norwich (Aniinna Jokinen, Luminarium)
A brief biography, bibliography, and essays.
Julian of Norwich: Her 'Showings' and Their Contexts (Julia Bolton Holloway)
"An Internet version of the Julian Library Portfolio, a collection of booklets which began as a series of lectures given to Quakers on Medieval Mystics." Dozens of essays and links. Admirably extensive, though directed at the faithful rather than the scholarly.

William Langland

Piers Plowman Electronic Archive (Hoyt N. Duggan, Virginia)
"The long-range goal of the Piers Plowman Electronic Archive is the creation of a multi-level, hyper-textually linked electronic archive of the textual tradition of all three versions" of the text. A sample is available now, with essays on the project itself.
The San Antonio College LitWeb William Langland Page
A few links to other resources, with brief commentary.
Yearbook of Langland Studies (Cornell)
Information on the journal and events.

John Lydgate

The Canon of John Lydgate Page (Alberta)
Extensive information on the project to identify the Lydgate canon.

William of Ockham

Superb electronic edition and translation of a major work of medieval philosophy. O si sic omnes!

This page, part of the larger collection of literary resources, is maintained by Jack Lynch.